Food insecurity is a serious public health problem that affects over 4 million Canadians.

Food insecurity – the inadequate or insecure access to food due to financial constraints – is a serious public health problem in Canada. It negatively impacts physical, mental, and social health, and costs our healthcare system considerably.

Statistics Canada began monitoring food insecurity in 2005 through the Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS). The most recent national measure was taken in 2012, with over 4 million Canadians affected by food insecurity.

Household Food Insecurity in Canada, 2012

Hover over a province or territory to learn more.

  • British Columbia: 12.7%
  • Alberta: 11.6%
  • Saskatchewan: 12.5%
  • Manitoba: 12.1%
  • Ontario: 11.7%
  • Quebec: 13.5%
  • New Brunswick: 15.6%
  • Prince Edward Island: 16.2%
  • Nova Scotia: 17.5%
  • Newfoundland & Labrador: 13.4%
  • Yukon: 17.1%
  • Northwest Territories: 20.4%
  • Nunavut: 45.2%

Data Source: Statistics Canada, Canadian Community Health Survey, 2012.

Using the data from the CCHS, we’ve released annual reports which provide a comprehensive look at the state of food insecurity in Canada. The most recent national measure, in which all provinces and territories were included, was taken in 2012. The next national estimate will be based on the 2015 CCHS data once it is released by Statistics Canada. The 2013 and 2014 reports reflect data from the provinces and territories that opted to measure food insecurity in those years. Learn more about Food Insecurity in Canada or our latest annual report (2014).

Food Insecurity Fact Sheets

Click to see full fact sheet.

Fact Sheet: Monitoring Food Insecurity in Canada
Fact Sheet: Children in Food Insecure Households
Fact Sheet: The Impact of Food Insecurity on Health
Fact Sheet: Public Policy and Food Insecurity
Fact Sheet: Food Procurement, Food Skills & Food Insecurity

PROOF is a CIHR-funded, interdisciplinary research program working to identify effective policy interventions to reduce household food insecurity in Canada. Learn more about PROOF