About

PROOF is an interdisciplinary research team investigating household food insecurity in Canada. The goal of this research program is to identify effective policy approaches to reduce household food insecurity, which is defined as the inadequate or insecure access to food due to financial constraints.

In 2011, the PROOF team received one of 11 Programmatic Grants to Tackle Health and Health Equity in Canada from the Government of Canada’s health research investment agency, Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR). The grant was awarded to execute a five-year research program to identify viable and effective policy interventions to reduce household food insecurity in Canada.

PROOF examines household food insecurity in Canada and focuses on following areas:

  • the cost of food insecurity,
  • current policies and food insecurity,
  • defining the material conditions necessary to prevent household food insecurity,
  • modeling the impact of interventions on household food insecurity, and
  • understanding how food insecurity is framed as a policy issue.

PROOF publishes annual reports on household food insecurity, using data from Statistics Canada. The reports (2011 was the first one) monitor trends, enabling the identification of priorities for interventions to address this major public health issue. These reports have become critical for furthering public understanding of food insecurity in Canada and the need for policy intervention.

PROOF involves co-investigators from the University of Toronto, the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, the University of Calgary, Memorial University, and the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health.


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The contents of this site is are protected under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License that allows you to share, copy, distribute, and transmit the work for non-commercial purposes, provided you attribute it appropriately to the original source. Any use of the content, including but not limited to the text, statistics, and graphics, should include clear and full attribution to the original authors.

The Annual Reports are original works and the statistics may differ from how others report food insecurity data from Statistics Canada. As such, use of the reports and their statistics should be appropriately attributed to the authors and PROOF. This site includes and cites findings from different research articles. Use of specific information should refer to the citations where applicable and appropriately attribute the original authors. If you have questions, please contact proof@utoronto.ca