AHS review and recommendations on food insecurity screening
July 21, 2022
Household food insecurity is a potent social determinant of health. Research continues to link food insecurity with increased risk of a wide variety of chronic physical and mental health conditions, injury, and increased healthcare needs. Recognizing this, healthcare professionals have been asking how they can accurately and appropriately screen for household food insecurity.
In addition to describing different screening tools for household food insecurity, this report asks the critical question, is screening for food insecurity an appropriate or effective action in Canadian healthcare settings?
The options for healthcare professionals after screening are largely limited to referrals for food banks or other food-based assistance, which the review found ineffective for addressing food insecurity.
Food insecurity is a problem of inadequate and insecure income. For screening to be appropriate and effective, it needs to lead to actions that improve households’ financial circumstances.
Instead of specifically screening for food insecurity in healthcare settings, screening for poverty is a more appropriate approach. It supports referrals to assistance to access the benefits patients are entitled to (e.g., applications, tax filing, etc.) and discussions around the root cause of food insecurity.